Raise awareness of the invisible symptoms of MS was the motto of this year's International Federation of Multiple Sclerosis…
To celebrate World Day of People with Multiple Sclerosis celebrated annually 30 May. Intended to share the impact these symptoms have on quality of life of a disease that is not seen.
This campaign aims to give voice to people living with multiple sclerosis. Share the invisible experiencing symptoms, and express what they want the community to know about this disease.
Throughout this year, the country will hold numerous traveling exhibitions on the twelve most common symptoms of the disease. We invite you(a) to visit one of the exhibitions and get to know better about each puco.
– Difficulties mobility:
Multiple sclerosis can cause movement problems, balance and coordination caused by imbalances, tremors, dizziness, lack of sensitivity, fatigue, muscle weakness or spasticity (stiffness or pulling sensation of muscles). This symptom is usually responsible for disability and, oftentimes, results in falls, injury, fractures or disability.
The most common is neuropathic pain (constant, boring and tingling, characterized by prickling sensations, electric shock and burn) and can occur anywhere in the body. It is common facial pain Trigeminal neuralgia (Acute pain in the face or jaw area), painful spasms and muscle pain, caused by increased disability.
dormancy, numbness or altered sensation are common symptoms in M.S.. The patient may notice that has less sensitivity to touch an object and not the "feel" or have a feeling of pins and needles, electric shock or burn. It can be mild or so severe that it interferes with the ability to walk, write or hold objects.
– cognitive difficulties
A E.M. as the affected brain areas, You can change basic brain functions, as memory, reasoning, attention, the concentration, and language information processing speed. For the patient, to learn, solve problems, recall information, understand visual messages, speak fluently or follow a conversation can be authentic challenges.
Variety of emotional states. Clinical depression is more common among people with M.S. than in the general population or in many other chronic diseases. Among the senses symptoms are rapid mood changes, irritability, loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities, sleep disturbance and appetite, stress and anxiety. Depression reduces quality of life, causing other symptoms, such as fatigue or pain can aggravate.
– Difficulty swallowing
Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing is caused by weakness, clumsiness or numbness of the mouth and throat muscles. Changes in swallowing seriously undermine patient autonomy, to the extent that the simple act of eating and drinking can be a challenge: choking, suffocation, feeling trapped food, difficulty in chewing or difficulty swallowing liquids or solid substances are frequent symptoms.
– sexual dysfunction
May include the reduction or loss of sexual desire, decreased genital sensation or unpleasant and reduced capacity for orgasm. Men may have difficulty maintaining an erection or ejaculate and women may have a decrease in vaginal lubrication or loss of vaginal muscle tone. Sexual dysfunction affects the intimacy and sexuality, demoralizing the patient, lowering their self-esteem and putting into question their ability to reproduce.
– Muscle spasms
rigidity feeling, voltage and involuntary muscle contractions. You can run on any member. Muscle spasms limited movements, the scope of objects and locomotion and may interfere with the position. Increase the risk of falling and can ultimately cause muscle contractures, pressure ulcers and pain. It helps to increase the patient's fatigue.
Fatigue causes feeling of extreme physical or mental exhaustion. The patient feels very heavy limbs and movements are more difficult and slow. The mental level, affects the concentration, memorizing and reasoning. It can occur at any time of day, even after a night's rest, seriously jeopardize the achievement of simple day-to-day tasks. family, friends, coworkers u employers often do not understand fatigue inertia or unexpected absences.
– Urinary incontinence
The patient may feel the need to urinate frequency or urgency, sometimes at inappropriate times, Other common symptoms are incomplete emptying of the bladder, difficulty in starting to urinate, the inability to maintain normal amount of urine and the need to urinate during the night. Bladder weakness has several consequences, family life, social and professional.
– Vision problems
It is the first symptom detected by many people. Near 20% of patients reported vision problems. May include blurred vision, double vision, involuntary eye movement, loss of color vision (color distortion) and, rarely, total loss and vision. In the case of optic neuritis may cause a "blind spot" large and noticeable in the visual field. Despite the constraints caused to the patient, by standard vision problems are temporary.
– Temperature sensitivity
The heat, in any form, can affect people with M.S. and aggravate the symptoms of the same. It can happen if the weather is warm and humid, when the person is practicing exercise, on the beach or have a fever - all associated with an increase in body temperature. On the other hand, There are patients who notice a worsening of symptoms, especially espasticidade, when exposed to cold.