Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Symptoms associated with M.S. They are fickle as to its frequency, as gravity, varying according to the injured site in the central nervous system.
Are subjective cutaneous sensations (frio, hot, dormancy) they feel spontaneously. May occur if any sensory nerve is affected, either by contact or by disruption of nerve endings.
Visual Changes – optic neuritis
It is an inflammation of the optic nerve, which generates a demyelination (This change in the myelin sheath of nerve surface, preventing the correct mode of transmission of information by nerve).
The relationship between optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis is because approximately 15 a 20% cases E.M. manifest, at first, por neurite e 40 a 50% these patients develop neuritis at some stage of the disease.
Clinical manifestations of optic neuritis are characterized by the classic triad of symptoms consisting of loss of visual acuity, and ocular pain dyschromatopsia (abnormal perception of colors). May show blurred vision, steamed up.
Despite gradual improvements, sometimes after several weeks, recovery is not always complete.
Changes in Balance and Motor Coordination;
It is the cerebellum controls all our movements. When it undergoes a change may occur a difficulty in balancing (stumble while walking e.g.) and / or coordination (grasping small objects or write legibly).
These changes can be observed for short periods of time (during an outbreak) or may be more permanent when associated with a more progressive form of M.S.
Are changes in articulation of speech and verbal articulation, caused by imperfect coordination structures as: pharynx, larynx, language and / or facial muscles. In multiple sclerosis, demyelination can occur in the cerebellum, Bilateral fibers of the cranial nerves, in multiple areas of the cerebral cortex and / or brainstem.
Motor and Spasticity changes;
It is the nervous system that controls our motor functions. If the damage associated with M.S. reaches this system is often appears motor changes, as the loss of muscle strength intensity, miscellaneous recovery time.
Spasticity is a disorder of muscle control characterized by tense or stiff muscles and an inability to control muscles. You can also display hyperactive reflexes which tend to be persistent and strong for a long period of time, causing pain.
It is possible that problems arise urinary retention, or spastic bladder (inability to retain urine). At the same time can also occur constipation problems.
It's a wear feeling, fatigue and / or lack of energy after a little effort. This symptom can last for a long period of time and, as it is very common in many diseases is not identified immediately as caused by M.S.
Psychological and Cognitive Changes.
May arise memory problems, attention and concentration in patients comde IN a while, difficult tasks / activities you need to accomplish in your day-to-day.
The onset of MS, abnormal event in the life of man implies profound and permanent changes in their day-to-day. It's overwhelming to hear these words of the health professional. Feelings of anger, frustration, shock, sadness emerge in sick, usually a young woman in the productive phase of his life.
Live with this diagnosis does not oblige deny these feelings but, undertake a rehabilitation meet the new requirements that the disease imposes. We know that the reactions that each will depend not only reflect your personality as well as the support they feel and receive the most significant people and health professionals.
Mood swings and depression
Depression affects people with M.S. in two ways. At the moment they are diagnosed can trigger a depressive episode before the new reality that the patient faces: the changes that the disease can cause in your body and mind can affect how feels himself about himself and about life.
On the other hand multiple sclerosis can result in the development of depression by the pathophysiological impact this disease has on the brain, triggering off neurological damage that could regions of the cortex together with depressive symptoms causing high frequency.
Problem of urinary incontinence, sphincters or sensitivity can lead to sexual problems, as erectile dysfunction or difficulty achieving orgasm.
Such moments may generate anxiety and tension in the relationship between the couple, it is important that the same talk to each other, about their fears and anxieties dispelling the malaise that may feel.